Coastal zones are inhabited by nearly two thirds of the human population, making coastal development an integral part of human civilization.
Marine infrastructures, such as coastal defense structures, marinas, and ports, create severe stress on natural ecosystems through habitat degradation, pollution and coastal erosion near urbanized shorelines.
Coastal and marine infrastructures, based on prevalent surface designs and concrete compositions, typically lead to reduced biodiversity, and to the dominance of invasive and nuisance species. These species are more tolerant of the physical and chemical properties of standard concrete infrastructures than native species, and they can significantly increase maintenance costs due to long-term deteriorating effects and interference with infrastructure operation.
In light of the current state of coastal zones and in the face of predictions for further coastal development in future years many countries are enacting and enforcing regulations aimed at mitigating human-induced environmental damages with fines and penalties for violators, calling for solutions decreasing the ecological footprint of coastal projects.
ECOncrete® technologies mitigate human impacts by enhancing ecosystem services and elevating biodiversity in urbanized shorelines, while on the same time reducing maintenance costs, as well as contributing to the structures' durability, stability and longevity.